Electrolysis

Electrolysis (also called needle epilation, probe depilation) is one of the oldest epilation techniques of permanent hair removal.

Already in the year 1869 Charles E. Michel, an American ophthalmologist, a battery-powered needle epilator to remove ingrown eyelashes. The use of galvanic current (DC) caused the formation of a caustic soda in the hair follicle and led to the damage of the follicle. This method has been referred to as electrolysis.

In 1924, a faster method of hair removal was launched – the thermolysis. High-frequency alternating current was used, which caused thermal damage to the growth cells in the hair follicle. With this method it was possible for the first time to treat large areas in an acceptable time.

More than a decade later, Artur R. Hinkel and Henri St. Pierre patented their new epilation device in the USA. With this device, the advantages of both methods could be combined. As with electrolysis, galvanic current was used to trigger a chemical reaction in the follicle. The high-frequency alternating current served to accelerate the chemical destruction. The blend method was invented.

Due to continuous technical developments, the epilators have become smaller and easier to use. Today, the treatments are more effective and at the same time more gentle than ever.

Electrolysis: By using direct current, a caustic soda is formed in the hair follicle, which in turn permanently destroys cell function. The pure electrolysis is hardly used in Germany, because the probe must remain with this method for a few minutes in the follicle in order to permanently damage the hair root.

Thermolysis: In this method, the probe is heated by high-frequency alternating current after it has been introduced into the hair follicle. The surrounding tissue coagulates and becomes desolate. This process takes about 1 second, making thermolysis the fastest and most widely used method of electroepilation.

Blend method: The combined use of direct current and alternating current leads to faster heating of the caustic soda produced in the cells. This method allows for complete destruction of the entire hair follicle.

Which method of electrolysis do I use?

In my studio for electrolysis I work exclusively with the method of thermolysis.

In epilation (electrolysis), each hair is treated individually, which requires detailed work. Along the hair, a hair-fine probe * is inserted into the hair canal to the hair root and applied to the tip of the probe one or more pulses of high-frequency current. The pulse strength is adjusted individually to the hair and the skin condition, but the pulse duration is very short during the thermolysis and is about 1 second. Due to the high frequency, the growth cells of the hair are set in strong vibrations. These vibrations generate heat and coagulate the hair root and the hair-forming tissue. The single hair can then be removed with no tweezers without any resistance. Regeneration of growth cells is impossible afterward .

* In my studio, only sterile disposable probes are used with each electrolysis treatment.